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May 2024

Angiogenesis-associated pathways play critical roles in neonatal sepsis outcomes

Neonatal sepsis is a major cause of childhood mortality. Limited diagnostic tools and mechanistic insights have hampered our abilities to develop prophylactic or therapeutic interventions. Biomarkers in human neonatal sepsis have been repeatedly identified as associated with dysregulation of angiopoietin signaling and altered arachidonic acid metabolism. 

Published research Airway Epithelial Research Neonatal Health Subsite: Walyan Immunology and Breast Feeding
May 2024

An infant mouse model of influenza-driven nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae colonization and acute otitis media suitable for preclinical testing of novel therapies

Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is a major otitis media (OM) pathogen, with colonization a prerequisite for disease development. Most acute OM is in children <5 years old, with recurrent and chronic OM impacting hearing and learning. Therapies to prevent NTHi colonization and/or disease are needed, especially for young children. Respiratory viruses are implicated in driving the development of bacterial OM in children.

Published research Ear Infections Influenza Infectious Diseases Pregnancy and Early Life Immunology Vaccine Trials Group Airway Epithelial Research Respiratory Environmental Health Subsite: Wesfarmers Centre of Vaccines and Infectious Diseases Bacterial Respiratory Infectious Disease Group Subsite: Walyan Strep A & ARF Therapeutics
April 2024

Immune checkpoint therapy responders display early clonal expansion of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes

Immune checkpoint therapy (ICT) causes durable tumour responses in a subgroup of patients, but it is not well known how T cell receptor beta (TCRβ) repertoire dynamics contribute to the therapeutic response. 

Children's Cancers Computational Biology Airway Epithelial Research Sarcoma Translational Research Subsite: Walyan Translational Genetics